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88 Cards in this Set

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WHich of the following is an example of primary prevention activities?
a) family planning sessons with young families
b) teaching self-examination for breast cancer
c) referring a client after a colostomy to a support group
d) preventing decubitus ulcer by regular tuening & positioning
a) family planning sessons with young families
After a stroke, a client is referrred to the rehabilitation clinic for walking exercises. This is an example of:

a) pre-primary prevention
b) primary prevention
c) secondary prevention
d) tertiaty prevention
b) primary prevention
What is the difference between health promotion & health protection?

a) health promotion is motivated by avoidance of illness while health protection is motivated by personal approach to wellness
b) health protection is not disease oriented while health promotion is illness or injury specific
c) health promotion is not disease oriented while health protection is illness or injury specific
d) health protection seeks to expand positive potential for health while health promotion seeks to thwart the occurance of insults to well being
b) health protection is not disease oriented while health promotion is illness or injury specific
Which of the following is an example of a health promotion activity for the health professional employees in an acute health care workplace?

a) stress reduction clinic
b) wheelchair clinic
c) safe bike riding
d) basic nutrition
a) stress reduction clinic
In the health promotion model, personal factors can influence health behavior. Which of the following factors cannot be changed?

a) age
b) self-esteem
c) self motivation
d) strength
a) age
When a person is convinced that a behavior can be carried out to accomplish goals, that person has:

a) perceived benefits of action
b) perceived self-efficacy
c) activity related effects
d) perceived action barriers
b) perceived self-efficacy
In what stage of the health behavior change does a person acknowledge having a problem & verbalizes plans to change a behavior?

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
b) contemplation
Which of the following are lifestyle assessments that the nurse needs to address for health behavior change planning?

a) Physical activity, nutrition, & stress management
b) interpersonal relationships & cardiopulmonary responses
c) Community health factors & living conditions
d) physical activity, cardiopulmonary endurance
a) Physical activity, nutrition, & stress management
After the client & the nurse have developed a behavior-change plan, what is the next step of the process?

a) identify behavioral outcomes
b) reiterate the benifits of change
c) determine a time frame for implementation
d) commit to behavior change goals
b) reiterate the benifits of change
Which of the following are interventions that the nurse can provide & fcilitate support for the client who is undergoing health behavior changes?

a) telephone counceling & facilitating social support
b) assessing behavioral changes & readiness to adopt different startegies
c) assessing the clients readiness to enhance activities of daily living
d) planning outings & other activities for the client
a) telephone counceling & facilitating social support
Teaching self-examination for breast cancer is an example of:

a) pre-primary prevention
b) primary prevention
c) secondary prevention
d) tertiary prevention
c) secondary prevention
A nursing activity that is not disease oriented but is illness or injury specific?

a) health promotion
b) health protection
a) health promotion
Referring a client after a colostomy to a support group is an example of?

a) pre-primary prevention
b) primary prevention
c) secondary prevention
d) tertiary prevention
d) tertiary prevention
A nursing activity that is motivated by personal approach to wellness?

a) health promotion
b) health protection
a) health promotion
Programs that are geared to the needs of employees in an acute health care setting, such as stress reduction, are an example of:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
a) health promotion
A nursing activity that seeks to expand positive potential for health:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
a) health promotion
Perceptions of inconvenience or expense or difficulty in performing an action is:

a) perceived action barriers
b) perceived benefits of action
c) perceive self efficacy
d) activity related affect
a) perceived action barriers
Health promotion & specific disease prevention is:

a) pre-primary prevention
b) primary prevention
c) secondary prevention
d) tertiary prevention
b) primary prevention
Anticipated benefits or outcomes of an action is:

a) perceived action barriers
b) perceived benifits of action
c) perceive self efficacy
d) activity related affect
b) perceived benifits of action
Regular turning & positioning of a patient to prevent decubitus ulcers is an example of:

a) pre-primary prevention
b) primary prevention
c) secondary prevention
d) tertiary prevention
c) secondary prevention
The conviction that one can successfuly carry out a behavior to achieve desirable outcomes defines:

a) perceived action barriers
b) perceived benifits of action
c) perceive self efficacy
d) activity related affect
c) perceive self efficacy
A stage when a person denies having a problem & becomes defensive when confronted with information regarding the issue:

a) termination stage
b) pre-contemplation stage
c) contemplation
d) action
b) pre-contemplation stage
Subjective feelings that occur before, during, & following an activity that could influence whether a behavior is repeated or not:

a) perceived action barriers
b) perceived benifits of action
c) perceive self efficacy
d) activity related affect
d) activity related affect
A nursing activity that is motivated by avoidance of illness:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
b) health protection
Seeks to thwart the occurance of insults to well being:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
b) health protection
What stage is a person in when the person acknowledges having a problem & verbalizes plans to change a behavior:

a) pre-contemplation stage
b) contemplation stage
c) preparation stage
d) action stage
b) contemplation stage
Generalized health promotion & specific protection against disease. It precedes disease or dysfunction & is applied to generally healthy individuals or groups:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
c) primary prevention
Teaching a patient who has diabetes to identify & prevent complications:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
a) tertiary prevention
Begins after an illness, when a defect or disability is fixed, stabilized, or determined to be irreversible. It's focus is to help rehabilitate individuals & restore them to an optimum level of functioning within the constraints of the disability:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
a) tertiary prevention
Giving immunizations is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
c) primary prevention
Emphasizes early detection of disease, prompt intervention, & health maintenance for individuals experiencing health problems. Includes prevention of complications & disabilities:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
Performing the DDST is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
A stage in which an individual makes final specific plans to accomplish the change:

a) pre-contemplation stage
b) contemplation stage
c) preparation stage
d) action stage
c) preparation stage
Administering medications is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
Referring a client w/a spinal cord injury to a rehabilitation center to receive training that will maximize use of remaining abilities is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
a) tertiary prevention
A stage in which an individual activly implements the plan:

a) pre-contemplation stage
b) contemplation stage
c) preparation stage
d) action stage
d) action stage
Ensuring adequate rest, food, & fluid intake are examples of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
Assesssing the growth & development of children is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
Teaching protection against occupational hazards is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
c) primary prevention
After the client & nurse have developed a behavior change plan the next step of the process is:

a) address barriers to change
b) reiterate the benefits of change
c) identify behavioral outcomes
d) determining a time frame for implemmentation
b) reiterate the benefits of change
To decrease the risk or exposure of an individual to disease:

a) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
a) primary prevention
Focus on the restoration & rehabilitation of an idividual with the goal of returning them to an optimal level of function:

a) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
Focus is on prompt intervention to alleviate health problems:

a) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
Focus is on early detection of health problems:

a) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
A 40 year old male begins a walking program of walking 3 miles a day to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. This activity is an example of:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
b) health protection

if the goal was to increase the overall health & feeling of well being it would be health promotion.
The foundation for "Healthy People 2010" is the belief that:

a) individual health is closely linked to community health & community health is closely linked to the individual

b) quality & years of healthy life for the aging or "graying of the population is reflected in the diversity of the population

c) health disparity of individuals is reflected in the diversity of the population
a) individual health is closely linked to community health & community health is closely linked to the individual
Teaching a client how to prevent poisoning is an example of:

a) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) primary prevention
c) primary prevention
Family planning services & marriage counceling are examples of:

a) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
a) primary prevention
When the goal is to identify a person in an early stage of a disease process & to limit future disability:

a) primary prevention
b) secondary prevention
c) tertiary prevention
b) secondary prevention
A woman would prefer that her husband quit nagging her about smoking instead of quitting smoking characterizes what stage of change:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
a) pre-contemplation
In the health promotion model the stage of change requiring the most energy is:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
d) action
The vision of health promotion was expressed by the surgeon general in 1979 which emphasized:

a) quality & years of healthy life for the aging or "graying of the population is reflected in the diversity of the population

b) health disparity of individuals is reflected in the diversity of the population

c) health promotion

d) disease prevention
c) health promotion
and...
d) disease prevention
In the health promotion model plans to change in the near future is characteristic of which stage:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
c) preparation
In the health promotion model,acknowledging a problem & seriously considering change &/or may a have a "in the future plan" is characteristic of which stage:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
b) contemplation
"A way of thinking that revolves around a philosophy of wholeness, wellness, and well being"

a) health promotion
b) health protection
a) health promotion
The patient role in health promotion is reflected in all of the following statements except:

a) people can identify their own health needs
b) assessment involves active listening & discussion
c) collaboration between the RN & patient is extremely important
d) model healthy lifestyle behavior & attitude
e) decision making is based on mutual input
d) model healthy lifestyle behavior & attitude

THIS is the RN ROLE
In this satge of behavioral change, the individual may view others as having the problem & want others to change their own behavior:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
a) pre-contemplation
Considering the stages of health behavior change, the majority of all individuals who relapse return to this stage:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
b) contemplation
A point in which the individual makes final specific plans to accomplish change:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
c) preparation
A stage in health behavior change in which the individual no longer experiences temptation to return to previous unhealthy behaviors:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
e) maintenance
A stage in behavioral health change that a person integrates newly adopted behavior patterns into his or her lifestyle:

a) pre-contemplation
b) contemplation
c) preparation
d) action
e) maintenance
f) termination
g) complete confidence
e) maintenance
The most basic type of health promotion program using a variety of media to offer information to the public about risk of lifestyle choices, personal behavior, & benefits of changing behavior:

a) information dissemination
b) health risk appraisal & wellness assessment
d) lifestyle & behavior change
e) environmental control programs
a) information dissemination
Using billboards, newspapers, brochures & health fairs to discuss topics such as alcohol & drug abuse, MAD, hyopertension, immunizations, etc:

a) information dissemination
b) health risk appraisal & wellness assessment
d) lifestyle & behavior change
e) environmental control programs
a) information dissemination
Programs used to apprise individuals of the risk factors that are inherent in their lives in order to motivate them to reduce risks & develope positive health habits:

a) information dissemination
b) health risk appraisal & wellness assessment
c) lifestyle & behavior change
d) environmental control programs
b) health risk appraisal & wellness assessment
Programs that require individuals to participate & are geared towards enhancing the quality of life & extending the life span. Many are available to the public, both on a group & individual basis & of which many address stress management, nutrition, awareness, weight control, smoking cessation, & exercise:

a) information dissemination
b) health risk appraisal & wellness assessment
c lifestyle & behavior change
d) environmental control programs
c) lifestyle & behavior change
Programs developed in response to continuing increase of contaminants of human origin that have been introduced to the environment.

a) information dissemination
b) health risk appraisal & wellness assessment
c) lifestyle & behavior change
d) environmental control programs
d) environmental control programs
Provides a means to detect existing problems & of which the age of the person must be considered while collecting data:

a) health history & physical exam
b) physical fitness assessment
c) lifestyle assessment
d) spiritual health assessment
e) social support systems review
f) health risk assessment
g) health benefits review
h) life stress review
i) validating assessment data
a) health history & physical exam
Type of assessment that indicates risk for disease or injury during the next 10 years & from which the clients general health is compared to data from a large national sample:

a) health history & physical exam
b) physical fitness assessment
c) lifestyle assessment
d) spiritual health assessment
e) social support assessment
f) health risk assessment
g) health benefits review
h) life stress review
i) validating assessment data
f) health risk assessment
Contribtes to health by creating an environment that encourages healthy behaviors, promotes self esteem & wellness, & provides feedback that the persons actions will lead to positive outcomes:

a) health history & physical exam
b) physical fitness assessment
c) lifestyle assessment
d) spiritual health assessment
e) social support systems review
f) health risk assessment
g) health benefits review
h) life stress review
i) validating assessment data
e) social support systems review
Generally include assessment of physical activity, nutritional practices, stress management, smoking, alcohol consumption & drug use:

a) health history & physical exam
b) physical fitness assessment
c) lifestyle assessment
d) spiritual health assessment
e) social support systems review
f) health risk assessment
g) health benefits review
h) life stress review
i) validating assessment data
c) lifestyle assessment
When working with health promotion the focus is on:

a) the problem
b) the community
c) the strength
d) the health care system
c) the strength

The focus is on thre indivisuals strength & positioning the patient to manage his own health & healing
Organize the following according to the steps in the process of developing a joint health protection promotion plan:

a) commit to behavior-change goals
b) identify behavioral or health outcomes
c) determine time frame for implementation
d) Identify health goals & related behavior-change options
e) develope a behavior change plan
f) reiterate benifits of change
g) address environmental & interpersonal facilitators & barriers to change
1- Identify health goals & related behavior-change options

2- identify behavioral or health outcomes

3- develope a behavior change plan

4- reiterate benifits of change

5- address environmental & interpersonal facilitators & barriers to change

6- determine time frame for implementation

7- commit to behavior-change goals
Client behavior directed toward developing well-being & actualizing human health potential:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
a) health promotion
Name the 6 stages of health behavior change:

P____________
C____________
P____________
A____________
M____________
T____________
Precontemplation
Contemplation
Preparation
Action
Maintenance
Termination
Health promotion plans need to be developed according to:

a) individual characteristics & experiences
b) behavior-specific cognitions & effect
c) needs, desires, & priorities of the client
d) health, physica fitness, & lifestyle assessment
c) needs, desires, & priorities of the client
During the evaluation phase of the health promotion process, the nurse assists clients in determining all of the following except:

a) whether they will continue with the plan
b) reorder priorities
c) revise the plan
d) self eficacy
d) self eficacy
Client behavior geared toward preventing illness, detecting it early, or maintaining function:

a) health promotion
b) health protection
b) health protection
Which of the following reflects the contemplation stage of behavior change:

a) i currently do not exercise 30 minutes 3 times a week & do not intend to start in the next 6 mo's
b) i have tried several times to exercise 30 minutes 3 times a week but am seriously thinking of trying again in the next month
c) i currently do not exercise 30 minutes 3 times a week but am thinking of starting in the next 6 months
d) I have exercised 30 minutes 3 times a week regularly for more than 6 months
c) i currently do not exercise 30 minutes 3 times a week but am thinking of starting in the next 6 months
A female client is 46 lbs overweight & previously attended 2 programs that guaranteed weight loss. Though she lost the weight, more returned after each program & she teeels you she was born to be fat & doesnt have the will power. According to the health promotion model, you recognize which of the behavior specific cognitions & affect variable in this patient?

a) percieved barriers to action
b) perceived self efficacy
c) interpersonal influences
d) situational influences
b) perceived self eficacy
Which of the following individuals would have an increased possibility of illness in the near future?

a) 25yr-old man who recently married is high school sweetheart
b) a 35yr-old man who was fired from his job
c) a 40 yr-old woman who started a nursing program
d) a 50 yr-old woman whose husband died a month ago
d) a 50 yr-old woman whose husband died a month ago
The nurse wjop is assisting a client in the action stage of ahange would use which of the following strategies:

a) reinforce the importance of providing rewards for positive behavior
b) ask the client if they would like information
c) guide the client to create a plan of action
d) remind the client of previous successes
a) reinforce the importance of providing rewards for positive behavior
If a client fails to follow the information or teaching provided, how should the nurse respond:

a) give up, the client doesn't want to change
b) develop a tough approach
c) reteach the information
d) reassess the client's importance given to the behavior & readiness to change it
d) reassess the client's importance given to the behavior & readiness to change it
commiting to behavior-change goals & reiterating benefits of change are typically steps in:

a) diagnosing
b) planning
c) implementing
d) evaluating
b) planning
Providing health education & enhancing behavior change are measures taken in:

a) diagnosing
b) planning
c) implementing
d) evaluating
c) implementing
Identifying health goals & behavior change options are steps in:

a) diagnosing
b) planning
c) implementing
d) evaluating
b) planning
Providing & facilitating support & modeling are a part of:

a) diagnosing
b) planning
c) implementing
d) evaluating
c) implementing
Providing & facilitating group & social support are a part of:

a) diagnosing
b) planning
c) implementing
d) evaluating
c) implementing
Individual counceling sessions & telephone counceling are a part of:

a) diagnosing
b) planning
c) implementing
d) evaluating
c) implementing