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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Who is the founder and Patriarch of Judaism?
He was asked to sacrifice his only son as a test of his loyalty and devotion to the one true God.
Who was the lawgiver and leader of the Exodus?
He was the main character in the Prince of Egypt and he led the Jews out of Egypt back to Israel.
What is the name for the five books of Moses which are the holy writings of the Jewish people?
The Torah
Five books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
What is the name for the many writings that explain the laws and meanings of the Torah?
the Talmud
Many volumes. Not the Mishnah.
What are the laws that Moses brought down from Mount Sinai?
The Ten Commandments
They are ethical guidelines for living. Thou Shalt Nots feature prominently.
What is monotheism?
Belief in one God.
Polygons have MANY SIDES. Polytheism is belief in MANY GODS.
Monotheism is therefore????
What is the Jewish name for God?
I'm not even supposed to type it out. HINT:
What is the meaning of a covenant?
It is a special agreement.
God made a covenant of monotheism with Abraham (if he worships the one God, God will make him the father of a great nation - Israel)
God made a covenant of the commandments with Moses (obedience to God's commandments and in return escaping back to Israel/Canaan)
What is the strictest form of Judaism?
Hassidic Jews are a branch of this
What is the most modern/relaxed Jewish congregation?
Not Conservatives, who are in the middle.
What is the name for the ceremony that boys (and some girls) go through when they turn 13 and recite from the Torah?
Bar Mitzvah (Bat Mitzvah for girls)
Means son or daughter of the commandments. Means you are old enough to read, understand and obey the laws of Judaism.
Name three important kings of ancient Israel.
One conquered Jerusalem (David).
One built the famous Temple in Jerusalem.
What city in Israel is important to the Jews, Christians and Muslims?
This city is the source of conflict between Muslim Arabs and Israeli Jews today. Even Christians conflict with each other for the privileges of guarding the holiest sites.
What is the name for the Jewish New Year?
Rosh Hashanah
You get no homework or tests on this day if you are Jewish.
What is the name for the Jewish Day of Atonement?
Yom Kippur
There was an Arab-Israeli War in 1973 on this day. It is the holiest day of the Jewish year. There is no homework on this day.
What holiday celebrates the Maccabee defeat of the Greek Syrians by lighting candles to rededicate the temple?
Chanukkah (Hanukkah)
"Festival of Lights" includes lighting the menorah and playing dreidel.
What holy day is celebrated with a Seder meal commenorating Moses' leading of the Jewish people out of slavery in Egypt?
The Jewish people were instructed to mark their doorposts with the "blood of the lamb" they sacrificed and ate that night. The Angel of Death would "pass over" those homes and they would be spared.
What is the term for the dietary restrictions and food preparation rules for the Jewish people?
If you are at the grocery store, these goods say "pareve" on them.
What is the term for the time when the Jewish temple was destroyed by the Romans and the Jews scattered/expelled from Palestine (Israel)?
The Diaspora.
Greek for "dispersing" or "scattering" of people.
What is the word for prejudice against Jewish people?
In the Middle Ages in Christian Europe, attacks on Jews were common. In modern times, prejudice continues.
What is the term for Russian attacks on Jewish villages?
Fiddler on the Roof shows one of these at the end of the musical. The villagers are kicked out of their homes and dispersed. It can also be physical attacks, looting, etc. It is one reason so many Russian Jews emigrated to America.
What is the name for the late 19th century (1800s) movement to return to a Jewish homeland?
A type of nationalism.
Theodore Herzl created this movement after concluding there was no assimilation for the European Jews. Today it is used to connote nationalistic Jews or extreme Jewish settlers who wish to occupy the Palestinian lands.
In what document did Great Britain promise the creation of a Jewish homeland in 1917?
The Balfour Declaration
Lord Balfour signed this agreement and mentions his majesty's approval.
What event in Germany and central Europe killed millions of Jews?
The Holocaust
Major genocide in history. Hitler called his methods the Final Solution. Built world sympathy for the Creation of the State of Israel.
What international organization voted for the partition (division) of Palestine in 1948?
The United Nations (UN)
The international organization that replaced the League of Nations.
What events occurred in 1948, 1967 and 1973 in Israel?
(1) the First Arab-Israeli War
(2) the Six Day War (second Arab-Israeli War)
(3) the Yom Kippur War (October War) (third Arab-Israeli War)
Involved Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon at different times.
What radical group was created to fight for Palestinian Arab rights?
the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)
Goal: to win back all the land for Palestinian Muslims/Arabs. At first, threatened to drive all the Jews of Israel into the sea.
Who was the leader of the PLO until he died in 2004?
Yassir Arafat.
What Palestinian areas did Israel occupy in recent wars?
The West Bank (Palestinian)
The Gaza Strip (Palestinian) and Sinai Peninsula (Egypt)
The Golan Heights (Syria)
Name the radical splinter group that broke away from the PLO.
H _ _ _ _
What is the name for the Palestinian youth uprising involving throwing rocks at Israeli soldiers?
Means "the shaking off" (of Israeli occupation of Palestinian lands)
Who assassinated Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin?
A Jewish settler who felt he had given too much back to the Palestinians.
Not a Muslim.
Who assassinated President Anwar Sadat of Egypt?
Muslim extremists who were unhappy with his making people with Israel.
Not a Jew/Israeli
What Jordanian king also negotiated with Israel before his death?
King Hussein (His son is King Abdullah)I
Married an American Lisa Halaby who took the name Queen Noor.
What religion are most Palestinian Arabs?
The religion of Islam.
What is the major religion of Israel?
The only country in the world for this.