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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Characteristics of Life
Reproduction
exchange of genetic material (DNA), sexual or asexual

Not replication
Characteristics of Life
Metabolism
The sum of all biochemical activity
catabolism = "cut" molecules
Anabolism = "add" molecules together
Characteristics of Life
Growth and Differentiation
Living things grow and move from the unspecialized to the more specific
Characteristics of Life
Responsiveness
Living things respond to stimuli in their environments
Characteristics of Life
Mobility
Living things have movement, but this does NOT imply locomotion
Organization of Life
1 - Atom
smallest unit of matter
Organization of Life
2 - molecule
groups of atoms
Organization of Life
3 - Macromolecule
groups of molecules (may be large enough to see, even with a light microscope) i.e. hair
Organization of Life
4 - Organelle
Assembly of macromolecules working together
Organization of Life
5 - Cell
Assembly of organelles working together
Organization of Life
6 - Tissue
Group of cells working together
Organization of Life
7 - Organ
Tissues working together
Organization of Life
8 - Organ System
There are 11 of these in the human body, defined as groups of organs working together
Organization of Life
9 - Organism
Group of Organ Systems working together
What Organ System is non-essential to an individual but essential to our species?
Reproductive System
What organ system makes up a bit less than half of the body weight of a human being?
Muscular System
What body system is responsible for transporting nutrients
Cardiovascular (blood) system
Anatomy
Ana - open or back
Tomy - to cut
observation of form, includes names of parts
Physiology
Physio - nature
Logy - study of
Observation of the nature or function of body systems