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9 Cards in this Set

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tuberculosis
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: tuberculosis
agent: Mycobacterium tuberculosis
description: acid-fast rod
affect: lungs, bones, other organs
sign: tubercle
toxin: none
treatment: isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide
immunzation: bacille calmette guerin (BCG)
comment: extended treatment necessary, diagnosis by tuberculin test, related to AIDS
pneumococcal pneumonia
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: pneumococcal pneumonia
agent: Streptococcus pneumoniae
description: gram+ encapsulated diplococcus in chains
affect: lungs
sign: rust colored sputum
toxin: not established
treatment: penicillin tetracycline erythromycin
immunzation: polysaccharide vaccine to 23 strains
comment: over 90 strains identified, natural resistance high, deterioration of alveoli
primary atypical pneumonia
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: primary atypical pneumonia
agent: Mycoplasma pneumoniae
description: no cell wall pleomorphic
affect: lungs
sign: dry cough
toxin: not established
treatment: erythromycin tetracycline
immunzation: none
comment: called walking pneumonia, diagnosis by CAST
klebsiella pneumonia
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: klebsiella pneumonia
agent: Klebsiella pneumoniae
description: gram- encapsulated rod
affect: lungs
sign: pneumonia
toxin: not established
treatment: various antibiotics
immunzation: none
comment: common in people with impaired pulmonary function
serratia pneumonia
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: serratia pneumonia
agent: Serratia marcescens
desc: gram- rod
affect: lungs
sign: pneumonia
toxin: not established
treatment: gentamicin
immunzation: none
comment: common nosocomial disease, resistance to antibiotic therapy
legionnaires’ disease
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: legionnaires' disease
agent: Legionella pneumophila
description: gram- rod
affect: lungs
sign: pneumonia
toxin: not establised
treatment: erythromycin
immunzation: none
comment: associated with airborne water droplets
Q fever
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: Q fever
agent: Coxiella burnetii
description: rickettsia
affect: lungs
sign: influenza-like symptoms
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycline
immunzation: vaccine for high-risk workers
comment: reservoirs include dairy cows, goats, sheep, associated with raw milk
psittacosis
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: psittacosis
agent: Chlamydia psittaci
desc: chlamydia
affect: lungs
sign: influenza-like symptoms
toxin: not established
treatment: tetracycline, erythromycin
immunzation: none
comment: occurs in parrots and parrot-like birds
chlamydial pneumonia
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: chlamydial pneumonia
agent: Chlamydia pneumoniae
description: clamydia
affect: lungs
sign: influenza-like symptoms
toxin: not established
treatment: tetracycline erythromycin
immunzation: none
comment: young adults affected