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127 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-al, -ar, -ic, -ous, -tic
pertaining to
-ation, -ion
process of
-cele
herniation, protrusion
-dipsia
condition of thirst
-ectomy
removal, excision
-emia
blood condition
-esis
state of
-flux
to flow, flowing
-graphy
process of recording
-iasis
condition, presence of
-itis
inflammation
-lithotomy
removal of a stone
-lysis
separation, freeing from adhesions
-meter
instrument to measure
-oma
tumor, mass
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
abnormal condition
-pathy
disease process
-pexy
suspension, fixation
-ptosis
drooping, prolapsed, sagging, falling
-scope
instrument for viewing
-scopy
process of viewing
-stomy
new opening
-tomy
incision, cutting
-tripsy
process of crushing
-trite
instrument to crush
-uria
urinary condition
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
ARF
acute renal failure
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
CAPD
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CKD
chronic kidney disease
CT
computed tomography
Cysto
cystoscopy
DI
diabetes insipidus
DM
diabetes mellitus
ESRD
end-stage renal disease
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
GFR
glomerular filtration rate
GN
glomerulonephritis
HD
hemodialysis
IVU
intravenous urography
KUB
kidney, ureters, and bladder
pH
acidity/alkalinity
SG
specific gravity
UA
urinalysis
UTI
urinary tract infection
VCUG
voiding cystourethrography
an-
no, not, without
dia-
through, complete
dys-
bad, difficult, painful, abnormal
extra-
outside
en-
in
hyper-
excessive, above
par-
near, beside
intra-
within
re-
back, backward, again
poly-
excessive, many, much
retro-
backward
trans-
through, across
aden/o
gland
albumin/o
protein
arteri/o
artery
azot/o
nitrogen
bacteri/o
bacteria
bi/o
life, living
blast/o
embryonic, immature
calic/o, cali/o, calyc/o
calyx, calix (collecting cup)
carcin/o
cancer of epithelial origin
cellul/o
cell
cortic/o
cortex, outer portion
cyst/o, vesic/o
urinary bladder, sac
glomerul/o
glomerulus
glycos/o
glucose, sugar
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hil/o
hilum
hydr/o
water, fluid
ile/o
ileum (third part of small intestine)
lapar/o
abdomen
lith/o
stone, calculus
meat/o
meatus (opening)
medull/o
medulla, inner portion
onc/o
tumor
nephr/o, ren/o
kidney
noct/i
night
parenchym/o
parenchyma
peritone/o
peritoneum
pyel/o
renal pelvis
py/o
pus
stom/o
an opening, a mouth
strom/o
stroma (supportive tissue)
tens/o
stretching
tom/o
section, cutting
trigon/o
trigone
ureter/o
ureter (tube connecting kidney to bladder)
urethr/o
urethra (tube conducting urine out of the bladder)
urin/o, ur/o
urine, urinary system
ven/o
vein
abscess
Cavity containing pus and surrounded by inflamed tissue
edema
Accumulation of fluid in the tissues; can result from kidney failure
incontinence
Inability to hold urine
retention
inabiltiy to release urine
urgency
intense sensation of the need to urinate immediately
stent
tubular device for suporting hollow structures during surgical anastomosis or for holding arteriesopen after angioplasty
ileal conduit
tube that guides urine to ileum when bladder is no longer available for storing urine and pasing through the urethra. (AKA ureteroileostomy)
TCC
transitional cell carcinoma
acidifiers
Drugs that lower the pH of the urine
alkalinizers
Drugs that increase the pH of the urine
anticholinergic
drug that helps control urinary incontinence by delaying the urge to void
antidiuretic
drug that supresses urine formation
antiinfective
drugs that fight infection in the urinary system. antibiotics, antifungal, antiseptic
antispasmatic
anticholinergic drug that relaxesthebladder for teh treatment ofincontinence
diuretic
increases formation of urine
cloudy urine may indicate
UTI
lighter/darker colored urine may indicate
diabetes insipidus or overhydration / consentratedurine caused by dehidration,drugs or liver disease
profuse/smaller quantities of urine may indicate.
diabetes insipidus or other conditions precipitating diuresis / dehydration,blockages, or strictures
lower than normal SG measurements may indicate
diabetes or kidney damage
presence of bilirubin in urine may indicate
liver disease or biliary obstruction
presence of blood in urine may indicate
redblood cells may indicate infalmation or trauma in urinary tract. white blood cellsmay indicate UTI
increased/decreased creatine in urine indicates
infection/ kidney disease
glucose in urine indicates
diabetes melitus
ketones in urine
diabetes melitus or stravation
inrease / decrease in pH of urine means
alkalosis / high protein diets
if protein / albumin is present in urine
kidney disease / glomeruli are damaged
if bacteria is present in urine this means
UTI
if Pus is present in urine
Pyelonephritis
this test measures the funtion of the kidneys the rate of removing nitrogenous waste from the blood over a 24 hour period
creatine clearance test