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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the publisher and writer of The Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richard's Almanac who was able to retire at age 42 and spend the rest of his long life as a scientist, inventor, political leader, diplomat, and national postmaster.
Benjamin Franklin (4)
a newspaper published by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia which became a success.
The Pennsylvania Gazette (4)
a book, published annually, that contains information about weather predictions, the times of sunrises and sunsets, planting advice for farmers and other useful subjects written by "Richard Saunders" and printed by "B. Franklin" in 1732.
Poor Richard's Almanac (4)
a metal container with grease that colonists burned for lighting their houses.
"betty lamps" (4)
powers or privileges that belong to people as citizens and that cannot or should not be taken away by the government.
rights (4)
the English king who in 1215 agreed to sign an agreement giving the right of the English people to participate in their government.
King John (4)
"Great Charter," this agreement in 1215 signed by King John of England, established the idea that the power of the monarch (ruler) was limited and not even the king was above the law.
Magna Carta (4)
the lawmaking body of England, consisting of representatives from throughout the kingdom.
Parliament (4)
the former Duke of York, he became the king of England but did not want to share power with an elected Parliament.
James II (4)
the bloodless revolution in England when James II was forced off his throne because he tried to rule without Parliament.
Glorious Revolution (4)
in exchange for their agreement to an act or law known as the English Bill of Rights, they were offered by Parliament in 1689 the crown of England.
William and Mary (4)
this act said that the power to make laws and impose taxes belonged to the people's elected representatives in Parliament and to no one else.
English Bill of Rights (4)
a list of rights that belonged to the people.
bill (4)
to make a formal demand or request.
petition (4)
acts of disloyalty towards the government.
treason (4)
robbery at sea.
piracy (4)
working or traveling on Sunday.
Breaking the Sabbath (4)
a heavy wooden frame with holes for a person's neck, wrists, and ankles: lawbreakers were locked for hours in this device in a public place where others might make fun of them.
stocks (4)
laws that forbid anyone in Puritan New England to work or play on that day.
blue laws (4)
twenty accused witches were put to death in 1691 when several young girls accused their neighbors of being witches and putting spells on them.
Salem Witch Trials (4)
a part of society defined by such qualities as wealth, occupation, and inherited titles or honors.
class (4)
the ocean crossing for the Africans packed onto slave ships into the American colonies.
Middle Passage (4)
he was just ten years old when he was put onto a slave ship, and who wrote that he never forgot "the shrieks of the women, and groans of the dying."
Olaudah Equiano (4)
people who assist women giving birth.
midwives (4)
people who made sure everyone in Puritan New England was a "Sabbath keeper."
"Captains of the Watch" (4)
a platform where the preacher stood.
pulpit (4)
a group of people in the church community who carefully assigned seats in church, with the best ones going to older, wealthy people.
"Seating Committee" (4)
a religious movement which swept around New England in the 1730s which tried to revive people's religious spirit.
First Great Awakening (4)
land set aside by New England Puritan villages for the village school which was rented out to raise money for teacher's salaries.
"school-meadows" (4)
the only book used in Puritan New England by teachers to teach students the alphabet, syllables, and prayers.
New England Primer (4)
"Female education in the best families went no further than writing and arithmetic; in some few and rare instances, music, and dancing."
Abigail Adams (4)
a way in which New England Puritans combined work with play.
"frolics" (4)
a way in which New England Puritans combined work with play.
"bees" (4)
a kind of "frolic" or "bees" introduced by the Germans where neighbors joined together to build the frame of a house or barn in one day.
barn raising (4)
a New England Puritan game related to the English game of cricket, played by colonial children.
stoolball (4)
going downhill on sleds played by colonial children.
"coasting" (4)
a white ball where New England colonists rolled egg-shaped balls down a lane of grass.
"jack" (4)
a form of billiards or pool game enjoyed by New England men.
"trock" (4)
wooden bowls used by the colonists to pound corn into a mush or a cake.
mortar (4)