Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/65

Click to flip

65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
listo/ta
ready
despacio
slowly
ese/ esa
that (adj)
este/ esta
this (adj)
di'game
tell
m'edico
doctor
recuerdo
I remember
calle
street
por aqui'
this way, through here
por alli'
that way, through there
si'ga
go on, continue
avenida
avenue
ve'ale
see you
apreder
to learn
que venir
to come
excelente
excellent
eso
THAT
tengo que ir
I have to go
que tal?
how are things?
de acuerdo
agreed
co'mo no
certainly, sure
bravo
well done, good job
preterite tense
Llame' a la una.
at a fixed point of time
[pinpoint of time]
ayer
preterite tense
Te llame' dos veces
a specific number of times
preterite tense
El vivio' alli' por cinco an~os.
a specific enclosed period of time
preterite tense
Compre' un sombrero, me sente' en un banco y me dormi'
part of a chain of events
preterite tense
En ese momento, no tuve miedo
sudden changes of mood, feelings or opinions
-ar and -ar that changes in the present do not change in the preterite.
cerrar
cerro'
-ir verbs that change do change in the preterite, but in a different way.
preferir
prefer'
prefirio'
imperfect tense
action in the past that occurred repeadly
imperfect tense
action in the past that occurred over an extended period of time
the imperfect tense
used to "set the stage" for an event that occurred in the past
the preterite
pinpoint
the imperfect tense
wide surface
the imperfect tense
Juan estaba enfermo.
actions which ar not physical, that is feelings and mental actions, usually use the imperfect tense
the imperfect
a menudo, a veces, cada di'a, cada an~o, con frecuecia, de vez en cuando, en aquella e'poca, frecuentemente, generalmente, muchas veces, mucho, nunca, por un rato, siempre, tantas veces, todas las semanas, todos los dias, todo el tiempo, varias veces
the preterite
ayer, ayer por la man~ana, ayer por la tarde, anteayer, anoche, desde el primer momento, despue's, durante dos siglos, el ano pasado, el unes por la noche, el mes pasado, el otro dia, en ese momento, entonces, esta manana, esta tarde, hace dos dias, anos, la semana pasada
tense & mood
tense refers when an action takes place, while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action
-zar,
z changes to c when it comes before the letter e
- ger, gir
g changes to j when it comes before the letter a
-guir,
gu changes to g when it comes before the letter a
negative informal commands
tu' form of the present subjunctive
No hables ma's lentamente.
irregular tu commands
decir -di
irregular tu commands
hacer - haz
irregular tu commands
ir - ve
irregular tu commands
poner - pon
irregular tu commands
only in affirmative
salir - sal
irregular tu commands
only in affirmative
ser - se'
irregular tu commands
only in affirmative
tener - ten
irregular tu commands
only in affirmative
venir - ven
the conditional
used to express probability, possibility, wonder or conjecture, and is usually translated as would, could, must ahve or probably.
the conditional
used to express probability, possibility, wonder or conjecture with regard to the past, is usually translated as would, could, must have or probably
the conditional
to express speculation about the past
the conditional
to express the future form the perspective of the past
the conditional
to express hypothetical actions or events which may or may not occur
the conditional
to indicate what would happen were it not for some certain specific circumstances
the conditional
for polte use to soften requests
the conditional
to ask for advice
the conditional
for reported speech
the conditional
to express what would be done in a particular situation
the conditional
to express an anction which is contrary to fact
the past participle
- ar
ado
the past participle
-er, - ir
ido
la cuenta esta' pagada.
the bill is paid
past participle used as a adjective
he pagado la cuenta
i have paid the bill
past participle used in the present perfect tense